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ARCO Recycling Site – 1705 Noble Road

Program Contact

Barry Grisez RS
216.201.2000 ext 1232

Google Earth view of 1705 Noble Road.

In cooperation with the City of East Cleveland, the Cleveland Division of Air Quality, the Cuyahoga County Executive’s Office, and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, CCBH participated in the cleanup of the ARCO recycling facility at 1705 Noble Road in East Cleveland.

CCBH has been a delegated authority of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) for over twenty years, administering the solid waste and materials management-related programs. One of the programs involves the oversight of facilities that process or dispose of construction and demolition debris (C&DD). Although the processing, or recycling, facilities are considered excluded from current regulation per Ohio Administrative Code 3745-400-03(C), CCBH staff visit these operations on a regular basis to verify that the facility is being operated in a manner that is protective of health and safety.

In April 2014, ARCO Recycling, Inc. (ARCO) commenced a recycling and processing operation at 1705 Noble Road, East Cleveland, Ohio. ARCO originally submitted a business plan by which it proposed that construction and demolition debris was to be accepted and processed within thirty days of receipt to separate clean hard fill, scrap wood, and scrap metal from the remainder of the debris. The clean hard fill, scrap wood, and scrap metal were to remain on site temporarily, and all other debris was to be removed and properly disposed of in a landfill.

Since June of 2014, CCBH staff have routinely conducted site assessments and investigated nuisance complaints as necessary at ARCO Recycling, Inc., 1705 Noble Road, East Cleveland, OH 44112 (“The Site”). Along with representatives from the OEPA, CCBH staff walked the site generally on a biweekly basis to verify that only construction and demolition debris was being accepted, and ensure that the C&DD was being placed within the property boundary of the facility. CCBH also reviewed record-keeping documents to determine the amount of incoming and outgoing material, and make general observations about the overall condition of the site.

On January 17, 2017, OEPA issued a Notice of Violation and Director’s Final Findings and Orders to the business owner, ordering it to stop accepting waste and immediately remove all C&DD from the facility.  ARCO was given fourteen days to remove all of the debris from the site for proper disposal.

The order was the result of many inspections which indicated that the facility was not operating as a C&DD recycler, but rather as an illegal disposal facility. While the facility closed, none of the 230,000 cubic yards was removed. OEPA then asked the Ohio Attorney General’s office (AGO) to pursue a legal remedy.

On June 5 and June 27, 2017, the AGO filed a Partial Consent Order with the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas. ARCO agreed to give up its rights to all C&DD on the property and to provide full access to the site for the duration of the removal work. ARCO is also required to reimburse OEPA for all funds used to remove the debris and conduct air monitoring. The document also allows OEPA to seek civil penalties at a later date.

The property is next to several residential homes whose owners have complained of loud construction noises, dust, odors, unsightly dump piles, and the possibility of environmental hazards.

Along with the OEPA, CCBH has been responding to inquiries from elected officials and residents concerned about potential exposure to hydrogen sulfide gas, methane, volatile organic compounds and carcinogens, fugitive dust/particulate matter, and asbestos.

The OEPA and CCBH are monitoring the site on a weekly basis for air pollutants and nuisance conditions that would affect those in the surrounding area. While air pollutant levels are well below minimum risk levels, other unacceptable conditions related to the waste pile still remain.























On May 24, 2017, the CCBH Board passed a resolution and adopted findings of fact declaring the property at 1705 Noble Road East Cleveland, Ohio and the ARCO operations to be a nuisance under Ohio law. The Board issued an order that the nuisance be abated. Further, the Board’s Order provides that pursuant to ORC 3707.01, if the property owner or operations owner is unwilling or unable to abate the nuisance, that the Board could take steps and actions to abate the nuisance provided that there are sufficient funds available from other sources.

The OEPA has secured funding for the cleanup, and also obtained access to the site and the material placed on it.

The abatement process will be split into two or more phases. Phase I will consist of the removal, transporting, and processing of hard fill material. The amount of hard fill material on site has been estimated at approximately 82,000 cubic yards. Planning has begun for Phase II of the project, involving the removal of the remaining 148,000 cubic yards of C&DD.

CCBH has been in frequent communication with OEPA and plans to assist with the abatement project in the following ways:

  • Competitively procure the services of a contractor to load, remove, transport, and process the hard fill material
  • Manage the entire Request for Proposals process
  • Work with the contractor on a regular basis to verify that the project stays on pace and on budget
  • Work with the Cleveland Division of Air Quality (CDAQ) to coordinate air monitoring activities. CDAQ will oversee the monitoring of compounds such as asbestos, hydrogen sulfide, lead, particulate matter (dust), and volatile organic compounds. See the Air Data Summary below for detailed information.
  • Provide project updates to the members of the community and elected officials in East Cleveland and other interested parties

As the local branch of public health that is concerned with all aspects of our natural and man-made environment, we work daily to safeguard the health of the residents of East Cleveland and surrounding areas. With the financial and technical assistance of the OEPA, CCBH will be able to take the steps necessary to permanently resolve this public health nuisance.


  • 5,186 cubic yards/258 truckloads removed from July 21-28, 2017
  • 5,740 cubic yards/287 truckloads removed from July 31 – August 4, 2017
  • 7,020 cubic yards/351 truckloads removed from August 7-11, 2017
  • 6,960 cubic yards/348 truckloads removed from August 14-18, 2017
  • 6,500 cubic yards/325 truckloads removed from August 21-25, 2017
  • 6,320 cubic yards/317 truckloads removed from August 28 – September 1, 2017
  • 4,920 cubic yards/248 truckloads removed from September 4-8, 2017
  • 2,840 cubic yards/142 truckloads removed from September 11-15, 2017
  • 3,080 cubic yards/154 truckloads removed from September 18-22, 2017
  • 1,980 cubic yards/99 truckloads removed from September 25-29, 2017
  • 3,100 cubic yards/155 truckloads removed from October 2-6, 2017
  • 6,140 cubic yards/307 truckloads removed from October 9-13, 2017
  • 5,900 cubic yards/295 truckloads removed from October 16-20, 2017
  • 4,310 cubic yards/181 truckloads removed from October 23-27, 2017
  • 8,525 cubic yards/183 truckloads removed from October 30 – November 3, 2017
  • 8,460 cubic yards/215 truckloads removed from November 6-10, 2017
  • 13,328 cubic yards/362 truckloads removed from November 13-17, 2017
  • 13,870 cubic yards/358 truckloads removed from November 20-24, 2017
  • 21,265 cubic yards/649 truckloads removed from November 27 – December 1, 2017
  • 25,235 cubic yards/947 truckloads removed from December 4 -8, 2017
  • 18,870 cubic yards/739 truckloads removed from December 11-15, 2017
  • 23,598 cubic yards/851 truckloads removed from December 18-22, 2017
  • 6,008 cubic yards/250 truckloads removed from December 25-29, 2017
  • 9,780 cubic yards/431 truckloads removed from January 1-5, 2018
  • 9,170 cubic yards/355 truckloads removed from January 8-12, 2018
  • 11,751 cubic yards/451 truckloads removed from January 15-19, 2018
  • 18,544 cubic yards/728 truckloads removed from January 22-26, 2018
  • 20,173 cubic yards/848 truckloads removed from January 29 – February 2, 2018
  • 13,650 cubic yards/602 truckloads removed from February 5-9, 2018
  • 17,201 cubic yards/710 truckloads removed from February 12-16, 2018
  • 2,580 cubic yards/112 truckloads removed from February 19-23, 2018
  • 2,928 cubic yards/133 truckloads removed from February 26 – March 2, 2018
  • 2,967 cubic yards/129 truckloads removed from March 5-9, 2018
  • 1,278 cubic yards/50 truckloads removed from March 12-16, 2018
  • 2,817 cubic yards/108 truckloads removed from March 19-23, 2018
  • TOTAL TO DATE – 321,994 cubic yards of material have been removed since the project began in July 2017.

Please follow the links below to see aerial photos of the property which detail the progressive removal of debris. The material removed was contained in the area highlighted in yellow.

July 21-27, 2017 removal of debris

September 4-8, 2017 removal of debris


Please follow the links below to see ground-level photos of the progressive removal of debris.

June 2018 panoramic view – 3 of 3

June 2018 panoramic view – 2 of 3

June 2018 panoramic view – 1 of 3

March 28, 2018 panoramic view

January 2018 panoramic view 1

January 2018 panoramic view 2

September 27, 2017 ground level photos



Fire at Arco site 10-28-17

Fire at Arco site 10-29-17

YouTube update 10-30-17



Ohio EPA Air Monitoring Summary January 2017 – April 2018

Ohio EPA Air Monitoring Fact Sheet 11-20-17 

Ohio EPA Air Monitoring Summary – Recycling Fire Samples October 28 – November 16, 2017

Ohio EPA Air Monitoring Summary 11-1-17

Summary of Ohio EPA Sampling and Analysis – October 25, 2017

Summary of Ohio EPA Sampling and Analysis – August 24, 2017

Metals Analysis July-August 2017

Air Sampling Results – June 28, 2017

Request for Proposals – May 2017



City of East Cleveland

Cleveland Division of Air Quality

Cuyahoga County Executive’s Office

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency